Graphs: Graphing Linear Equations
This lesson shows you the steps on plotting (i.e. graphing) the graph of linear equations.
Why Learn This?
If you are given an equation and have been asked to make sense out of it, very likely you will mentally try to visualize it.
However when the equation gets more complex, you will soon find it difficult to do it mentally. This is where coordinate plane is here to help.
With several simple steps, you will be able to draw out the equation. As a start, we will use a simple straight line equation to demonstrate this purpose.
equation is also called
As you watch the math video below, try to remember the following:
You can draw a x-y table to help you to record the coordinates of your points in an orderly manner.
Take note on how the coordinates of each point are calculated.
Only few points are used to plot the equation in this lesson. For more complicated equations, you may need more points to have a complete picture of the equation.
Now, watch the following math video to know more.
Click Play to Watch
Math Video Transcript
00:00:04.010 Welcome to a new lesson. After mastering on how to read and write coordinates, we can now use it to visualize the graph a linear equation. 00:00:18.160 Let's say you are given the equation y = 2x + 1. This equation, by itself, may not makes much sense. 00:00:28.150 But if we were to use the Coordinate plane to plot a graph of this equation, you get to actually see how this equation looks like. 00:00:37.080 To do so, first, you have to draw out a table like this. This table is useful to store the coordinates of the point that you are going to calculate soon. 00:00:50.020 Now, let the variable x to take up the first row of this table. 00:01:03.110 Similarly, let the variable y take up the second row. With this, you can see that, these empty column here will used to store coordinates of one point. 00:01:26.190 Now let's start filling this table. Let me put the value, 1 in the box right here. By doing so, you will have a point on the plane with it's x-coordinate = 1. 00:01:45.030 But you have a problem. Though you have the x-coordinate as 1, you still do not know what is the y coordinate. 00:01:54.110 This is where you will have to use this equation, to find out the y coordinate of this point when x = 1. 00:02:04.100 Now, substitute x=1 right here, solve for y by first multiplying 2 with 1. You will get 2. 2 plus 1 gives you 3. Let's put this new value y = 3 into the table. 00:02:26.230 It now means that, when this point's x coordinate = 1, the value of y coordinate for this equation is 3. 00:02:37.020 With this newly calculated point, let us now adjust this point to the correct coordinates (1,3). 00:02:48.240 Alright, you now have your first point from y = 2x + 1. 00:02:56.230 To continue further, we will do the same thing for x = 2, x = 3 and x = 4. 00:03:11.190 For x =2 , we will now solve this equation. Substitute x=2. multiply 2 with 2 gives 4 .Add 4 with 1. You will get y = 5. Let's put this value into the table. Now, you have a new coordinates (2,5). 00:03:44.160 This point is located right over here. 00:03:57.180 For x =3 , we will now solve this equation. Substitute x =3..Multiply 2 with 3 gives 6. Add 6 with 1. You'll get y = 7. Let's put this value into the table. Now, you have a new coordinates (3,7). 00:04:29.160 This point is located right over here. 00:04:45.060 For x =4 , we will now solve this equation. Substitute x =4. Multiply 2 with 4 gives 8. Add 8 with 1. You'll get y = 9. Let's put this value into the table. Now, you have a new coordinates (4,9). 00:05:14.140 This point is located right over here. 00:05:26.230 You see that these points forms a pattern here. 00:05:33.000 Now, when we connect these points together, we will get a straight line. This line is the graph of y = 2x + 1. 00:05:42.150 So, what you have learn showed you how draw the graph of a linear equation. 00:05:48.030 Alright, that is all for this lesson. You can move on to the practice questions to test your understanding.
Practice Questions & More
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
Now, let's try some MCQ questions to understand this lesson better.
You can start by going through the series of
questions on graphing linear equations
or pick your choice of question below.
on using a linear equation to calculate y-coordinates
on the basics of graphing linear equations
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