page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33 page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
< prev - next > Information communication learning 4th National Knowledge Convention English (Printable PDF)
operation and maintenance cost is required (called no-cost pump). The
installation of Easy Pumps is a step towards ensuring children’s right to a
quality education and good health. This has resulted in improved quality of
running water throughout the school year. In addition, less time is spent
fetching water and students get more time for study and recreation.
Attendance at school has also improved since the Easy Pump is a fun way for
children to play and pump water at the same time. A hand washing facility
has been established at school making students aware of personal hygiene
Empowerment of the Marginalised
1. Participatory Municipal Governance and Poor Peoples’ Access
to Decision-making: What are the Governance Issues of Concerns
in Bangladesh?
Uttam Kumar Saha, Dr. Faruk-Ul-Islam, and S. M. Alauddin, Practical Action
Urban slums are heavily populated and characterized by poverty,
substandard housing and living environment along with basic infrastructure
services (electricity, gas, water and sanitation) including social and other
problems (frequent eviction and collection of toll by mastans). Bangladesh,
since its independence in 1971, has been experiencing rapid urbanization
and mushrooming of slums in urban areas. The urban population was only
4% (1.83 million) in 1951, rose to about 8% in the next 2 decades, and grew
rapidly after 1971. Currently, the urban population is 28% (42 million) in
2011 (ADB, 2012 and Islam, 2012). The growth rate was high as 6% per
annum since independence against the national growth of 2% per annum.
The country’s urban population, at the existing growth rate, will be almost
doubled (79 million or 42%) by 2035 and will be a challenge for the country’s
sustainable growth and development of urban economy, infrastructure
services, etc. for a decent urban life, despite of significant contribution by
slum people. Practical Action Bangladesh, in partnership with Faridpur
Municipality, Society for the Urban Poor (SUP) and Community
Improvement Federation (CIF) implemented two projects on urban
environment, public health and poverty alleviation for the slum dwellers of
Faridpur town (2006-2010), with the objectives of reducing environmental
threats to health, improving livelihoods and alleviating poverty of the slum
dwellers. Poor governance and infrastructure services resulting higher
deprivation among the slum people in Bangladesh. The project adopted
integrated, participatory and partnership approach (multi-stakeholders,
multi-organizations and community focused), where the Slum/Settlement
Poverty and Development: Realities of Grassroots 31