Organic structures and acid/base
bond-line structures, functional groups, formal charges, resonance structures, oxidation and reduction, acid/base chemistry
Call them Bonds. Covalent Bonds. Smart chemists need time to stir (and shake) their solutions. In this tutorial, Jay explains how chemists use bond-line structures as a form of organic shorthand to skip time-consuming carbon and hydrogen atoms labeling. Watch this tutorial so you too can be in the Dr. Know.
In this tutorial, Jay puts the "fun" back into recognizing functional groups.
Formal charge and resonance
Positive and negative charges are everywhere in orgo! In this tutorial, Jay shows you how to assign formal charges to molecules and how to draw resonance structures.
Oxidation and reduction
LEO the Lion goes GERRRR!!!! If that is all that you remember about redox from general chemistry, then this tutorial is for you! Jay shows you how to assign oxidation states in organic molecules.
Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definitions
Ka and pKa Derivation
A review of Keq, Ka, and pKa
Stabilization of Conjugate Base I
Stabilization of Conjugate Base II
Stabilization of Conjugate Base III
Inductive effects on acidity
Stabilization of Conjugate Base IV
The effect of hybrid orbitals on acidity
Do you remember the basics of acid/base chemistry? In this tutorial, Jay reminds you of a few definitions, shows you how the stability of the conjugate base affects the acidity of the molecule, and demonstrates the importance of pKa values.